A study of the attitudes of trans men and non-binary people to screening for cervical cancer

Funded by: Cancer Research UK

In collaboration with: Jo's Cervical Cancer Trust

Supported by: LGBT Foundation

Chief Investigator: Dr Alison Berner

The aim of cervical screening is to reduce the number of people who develop cervical cancer. An abnormal test means that the person can either have further tests or a doctor might remove the abnormal cells. Anyone with a cervix between the ages of 25 and 64 years old can have cervical screening but only people who are registered as female with their GP automatically receive an invite for screening. In this study the researchers want to find out about the views and experiences of trans men and non-binary people about cervical screening and what factors might stop someone from having cervical screening.

It is hoped that a better understanding of these people’s views and experiences can make cervical screening easier and more available to them in future. This might include making changes to the NHS’s policies on screening. The cervix is part of the reproductive system. It is the neck of the womb at the top of the vagina.

This study is open to trans men and non-binary people who have a cervix or have had their cervix removed. A trans man is a person who was assigned female at birth but identifies and lives as a man. A non-binary person is someone whose gender identity doesn’t sit comfortably with ‘man’ or ‘woman’.

The study team aims to recruit about 1,400 trans men and non-binary people to the study. The study involved completing a confidential online survey which asks questions about any cervical screening received, reproductive and sexual health, attitudes to cervical screening.

Inclusion criteria:

  • attend 56 Dean Street or the Gender Identity Clinic, London
  • a trans man or non-binary person who was assigned female at birth
  • a resident in Wales, Northern Ireland, Scotland or England
  • 18 to 80 years old

Exclusion criteria:

  • in prison
  • not able to make decisions about how the information given is used